IoT in Agriculture
The Internet of Things (IoT) has proven to be revolutionary in its expansion. IoT technology has entered homes and businesses with applications of IoT ranging from home automation, logistics and automotive to health and fitness industry. It has also touched the Agriculture industry and has a lot of benefits of IoT in agriculture by introducing connected devices.
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Agriculture has seen many technological transformations over the past decades, which have been driven by further industrialization and technology. Through the use of several smart farming gadgets, farmers have acquired better control over the livestock breeding and cropping process, making it more capable of cultivating and improving its efficiency.
In the coming years, the usage of smart solutions powered by IoT in agricultural activities will increase. According to the research reports, the global agricultural market was 1.8 billion dollars in 2028 and is forecasted to reach 4.3 billion dollars by 2023 at CAGR of 19.3%.
In this blog post, we will be exploring IoT uses cases and applications in the agriculture sector. So, if you are thinking of investing in smart farming or building an IoT solution for agriculture, keep reading!
- Climatic Conditions Monitoring
Climate plays a vital role in agriculture. Lack of knowledge of weather can significantly reduce the quality and quantity of crop production. But IoT solutions allow you to learn real-time weather conditions.
IoT sensors were placed both outside and inside the farms. They gather whole data from the environment that can be used to select the right crops that can grow and sustain under specific climatic conditions.
The entire IoT ecosystem is designed with sensors that can identify real-time weather conditions such as temperature, rainfall, humidity, and more. A large number of sensors available to determine all parameters and configure them to match your smart farm needs. These Internet of Things sensors will observe the crop conditions and the environment around them.
An alert will be sent if they found any bad weather conditions. Physical presence is essential in disruptive weather conditions, which ultimately raises productivity and helps farmers obtain good agricultural benefits.
Pycno, Smart Elements, and allMETEO are some of such farming IoT devices.
- Greenhouse Automation
In order to make smart greenhouses, IoT allows weather stations to adjust weather conditions automatically, as per the specific set of instructions. IoT sensors provide real-time information on greenhouse conditions such as temperature, lighting, humidity, and soil condition.
Adopting IoT in greenhouses eliminates human intervention, increasing accuracy and making the whole process cost-effective.
For example, Grolink and PharmaP also offer the best IoT agricultural products, among others providing similar capabilities.
Green IQ is an exciting brand that uses smart agriculture sensors. Green IQ a smart sprinkler controller that enables you to manage your lighting systems and irrigation remotely.
- Precision farming
Precision farming is also called as precision agriculture, which is about making accurate and efficient data-based decisions. It makes the agriculture process more precise and controlled by realizing smart applications, including vehicle tracking, livestock monitoring, inventory monitoring, field monitoring, etc.
With precision farming, you can evaluate soil conditions and other parameters to improve operational efficiency. In addition, you can also find the real time working conditions of the connected IoT devices to determine the nutrient and water level.
For Instance, CropX makes IoT soil sensors that measure temperature, electrical conductivity, and soil moisture, allowing farmers to contact the specific needs of each crop individually.
Mothive provides similar services, helping farmers improve yields, reduce waste and increase agricultural sustainability.
- Agricultural Drones
The use of agricultural drones in smart farming is probably one of the breakthroughs of Agritech. UAVs also called as “Unmanned Aerial Vehicles’, agricultural drones are better compared to satellites and aircraft at collecting data.
In addition to surveillance capabilities, these drones can do several tasks previously need for human labor planting crops, such as spraying agriculture, crop monitoring, fighting diseases and pests, and so on.
For example, Droneseed can build drones for trees plantation in deforestation areas. Wonderfully, Drones usage is six times more effective and efficient than human labor. A Sense Fly Agriculture Drone eBee SQ uses multispectral image analyzers to assess crop health at the lowest cost.
- Crop Management
Another type of IoT production in farming and another aspect of precision agriculture is crop management IoT devices. As same as weather stations, they must be placed on the farm to gather specific information to crop cultivation, from precipitation and temperature to water efficiency of leaf and overall health of the crop.
Therefore, you can also monitor the growth of crop and other irregularities to prevent infestation or disease that could harm your yield. For example, Semios and Arab serve as the best representations of how this utility case will be applied in reality.
- Cattle Monitoring and Management
Similar to crop monitoring, IoT farm sensors are added to a farm to monitor the health and log performance of animals (like Cows, buffaloes.etc). Livestock tracking and examining help to gain data on physical location, well-being, and stock health.
Such kind of IoT sensors can detect sick animals so that agriculturists can isolate them from the herd and prevent contamination. The use of drones for real-time livestock tracking and monitoring can also help farmers reduce staff costs.
For example, SCR by Collar and Allflex use smart farming sensors to provide collective information about health, nutritional and insights, temperature, and herd on every cow.
- End-to-End Farm Management Systems
The so-called farm productivity management systems can represent a more complex approach to IoT products in agriculture. They typically include several sensors and IoT devices, which are installed on-premises, as well as a robust dashboard with analytical abilities and built-in reporting/accounting features.
It provides remote agriculture monitoring capabilities and enables you to streamline most business activities. For example, Cropio and Form logs suggest solutions like this.
- Predictive Analytics for Smart Farming
Precision agriculture and data analytics go hand in hand. While the smart sensor and IoT technology are crucial for highly relevant real time data, the use of predictive data analytics helps agriculturists make sense of it and come up with essential predictions: the risks of infestations and diseases, yield volume, and crop harvesting, etc.
Predictive data analytics tools help to make agriculture more dependent internally on weather conditions, making it more predictable and manageable.
For instance, a crop performance portal can predict the quality and quantity of yield in advance, as well as exposure to adverse weather conditions such as droughts and floods. It allows farmers to select yield characteristics to optimize water and nutrient supply to each crop and improve quality.
IoT applications in agriculture allow collecting data for farmers and ranchers. Both small farmers and large landowners need to understand the potential of the IoT market for farming by installing smart technologies to increase sustainability and competitiveness in their production.
As the population grows rapidly, the demand will be successfully met if smallholder farmers, along with ranchers, implement IoT solutions in the agricultural field in a prosperous manner.
If you have an idea or project in your mind and need somebody to implement IoT solutions in your agriculture, please contact FuGenx Technologies. Our team is ready to help you 24*7.
We are the leading and Deloitte award-winning IoT App Development Company in India and the USA.